Which Romanov loved ones jewels are stored in the Kremlin’s Diamond Fund?

Maria Pavlovna sporting the Cherry earrings and the diadem with pink diamond. Now equally these things are retained in Moscow’s Diamond Fund. The wedding crown was offered overseas.

Legion Media Valery Gende-Rote/TASS

Most of the imperial jewels ended up both taken out of the region or offered at auctions just after the Bolshevik Revolution, but some of them can nevertheless be noticed on display screen in Moscow.

We do not know particularly how significant the Romanov family’s jewellery selection was due to the fact all the facts we have will come from the portion of it that fell into the Bolsheviks’ fingers immediately after the 1917 revolution. And even people items did not resurface straight away. The royal treasures had been commonly retained in the diamond area of the Wintertime Palace in St. Petersburg, but for the duration of Environment War I the Romanovs’ crown jewels were being despatched to the Kremlin Armory for safekeeping. They remained there, buried under other packing containers, right up until the Bolsheviks rediscovered them in 1922.

The youthful Soviet Union was desperately short of hard cash, and so the federal government determined to offer the jewellery abroad, keeping on to only the most beneficial merchandise to be turned into museum reveals later on. Among the these merchandise are elegant brooches that belonged to Catherine the Wonderful, an unusually uncommon portrait slash diamond and the only Romanov diadem that remains in Russia.

1. The Fountain brooch and earrings of Elizaveta Petrovna

Elizaveta Petrovna (1709-1761), the daughter of Peter the Good, liked brooches and experienced many of them manufactured for her in a wide range of types and fashions. This piece in the sort of a fountain of sapphires with diamond drops is referred to as an aigrette and was worn on a hat or as a hair clip. The aigrette will come in a established with substantial Fountain earrings. They looked especially placing in motion.

2. The Grand Bouquet and the Small Bouquet brooches

Elizaveta Petrovna wore these two things on her ceremonial costume. At the time, it was frequent for jewelry to have established important stones on multi-colored foil plates to incorporate more colour. With these, the court docket jeweler, Jeremie Pauzie, attained the desired effect to complete perfection! Brazilian diamonds and Colombian emeralds make up the cherished bouquets of irises, daffodils and forget about-me-nots. In the center of the Grand Bouquet there is a exceptional 15.5-carat lilac diamond.

The Compact Bouquet is composed of diamond flowers and leaves designed of gold and dark eco-friendly enamel.

3. The diamond agraffe

An agraffe is a brooch-like clasp that was well known in the 17th century. Elizaveta Petrovna wore this substantial diamond bow-formed clasp on her ermine gown. Its size by itself is amazing: The brooch is 25 cm lengthy and 11 cm vast. The agraffe is decorated with 805 diamonds of several designs and cuts. This piece of jewelry was worn by just about all descendants of the empress.

4. Caesar’s Ruby pendant of Catherine the Great

This substantial crimson stone is called a rubellite. It is a scarce wide variety of dim pink tourmaline, which for a very long time was viewed as to be a ruby (the gem was reassessed by industry experts only in Soviet times). In 1777, the stone was introduced as a gift to Catherine the Good (1729-1796) by King Gustav III of Sweden to mark the 15th anniversary of her reign. He explained to the Russian empress a legend that the gem experienced at first been given as a existing to Caesar from Cleopatra. It was later proven that the stone experienced truly been brought to Europe from Burma in the 16th century and was regarded as to be the biggest ruby on the continent at the time. Catherine did not want to spoil it by reducing it, so the court docket jewelers just polished it and adorned it with enamel leaves. The consequence was a stunning pendant.

5. Catherine the Great’s diamond esclavage bow and girandole earrings

An esclavage is a piece of jewellery that was worn on a broad lace or velvet ribbon like a necklace. This bow was designed for Catherine II in the hottest style of the time. It is embellished with a scattering of diamonds and spinels, exceptional minerals of purple and pink shades. It is paired with substantial girandole earrings—as candelabra-formed earrings were named then. The gems seem particularly vibrant thanks to the use of the identical foil method as in the bouquet brooches over. In actuality, their organic color is significantly softer. At the again of the bow there is the jeweler’s stamp examining “Pfisterer 10 Apr. 1764,” even though the earrings are dated May 27 of the identical 12 months. The last owner of this established was Empress Maria Feodorovna (1847-1928), the wife of Alexander III. It was discovered in her chambers in the Anichkov Palace in St. Petersburg following she herself managed to escape Russia subsequent the revolution.

 6. The Romanovs’ marriage ceremony diadem

Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mavrikievna in this tiara during her wedding, 1884.

This stunningly lovely diadem which belonged to Empress Maria Feodorovna (1759-1828), the wife of Paul I, was made in the early 19th century in the condition of a kokoshnik with a substantial pink diamond in its middle. At the time, kokoshnik tiaras had been amazingly preferred not only in Russia, but also abroad (European monarchs nevertheless wear them).

The tiara is embellished with 175 massive Indian diamonds and over 1,200 tiny spherical slash diamonds. Traditionally portion of the wedding day costume for royal brides, it is the only original Romanov diadem that remains in Russia considering the fact that experts regarded as the pink diamond to be certainly priceless.

7. The Cherry earrings

Maria Pavlovna wearing the Cherry earrings on her wedding day.

Together with Maria Feodorovna’s tiara, these diamond earrings—originally made for Catherine II—formed portion of the wedding day dress for imperial family brides.

“The earrings were being so weighty that in the middle of the banquet I took them off and, significantly to the emperor’s amusement, hung them on the edge of the glass of drinking water standing in entrance of me,” Maria Pavlovna (1890-1958) recalled of her wedding ceremony day. 

8. The Environmentally friendly Queen emerald brooch

Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna and her brooch.

A 136-carat emerald termed The Eco-friendly Queen is viewed as a single of the most precious things in the Diamond Fund selection. According to professionals, it was discovered in the 16th century in Colombia and put in a placing of little and substantial diamonds of many shapes in the middle of the 19th century. This piece of jewellery belonged to Grand Duchess Alexandra Iosifovna (1830-1911), the spouse of Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich (younger brother of Emperor Alexander II).

9. The Ceylon sapphire brooch

Empress Maria Alexandrovna (1824-1880), the wife of Alexander II, was identified for her beautiful jewelry. Just just one merchandise from her collection continues to be in Russia: a brooch with a exclusive 260.37 carat oval Ceylon sapphire surrounded by a scattering of diamonds. Alexander II acquired this stone at an exhibition in London and presented it to his spouse, and jewelers later on inserted it into a brooch.

10. The lasque diamond bracelet

Empress Maria Alexandrovna poses for the picture in the Russian folk costume, wearing such bracelets.

In the Diamond Fund’s collection there is an abnormal 19th century gold bracelet with a really unusual Indian lasque diamond that is the most significant of its variety. Diamonds like these are also acknowledged as portrait slice diamonds mainly because they have been applied as addresses for colored miniature portraits. In this situation, it is a portrait of Emperor Alexander I (1777-1825).

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