Heritage Museum collaborates with Kremlin Museum to bring Russian royal artefacts to lifestyle | Exhibitions | THE Benefit

Hong Kong’s Heritage Museum collaborated with Moscow’s Kremlin Museums to existing the “Tsar Of All Russia: Holiness and Splendour of Power” exhibition. The Kremlin Museums brought 170 masterpieces to Hong Kong, enabling audiences to enjoy an comprehensive portrayal of the Russian king’s religious, army and personal objects.

The Kremlin is 1 of the premier architectural complexes in the environment. Their assortment of much more than 600,000 parts is a depository of early imperial Russian treasures and artefacts, which reflect the increase and tumble of the Russian Empire. Its major buildings, together with the Armoury Chamber, the Assumption Cathedral, the Archangel Cathedral and the Annunciation Cathedral collectively type the present-day Moscow Kremlin Museums.

Jug in the Shape of a Female Bust 

Silversmith: Melchior I Gelb 

Germany, Augsburg, 1651-1654 

Silver

40.2 cm (Peak) 

Assortment of Moscow Kremlin Museums

Sakkos of Patriarch Philaret 

Russia, Moscow, Kremlin Workshops, 1631

Samite, velvet, taffeta, satin, gold threads, gold, silver and pearls

134 cm (Duration)

Selection of Moscow Kremlin Museums

Imperial Russia

Russia is the biggest region on earth, with a land area of 17 million square kilometres. The place stretches across two continents from Europe’s Baltic and North Seas to the north, to the Caspian and Black Seas to the south, as nicely as Asia’s Sea of Japan and Pacific Ocean to the Much East.   

Like other huge nations in historical past, one particular of the largest issues was to unify less than a single ruler. When one particular thinks of Russian background, distinguished figures this sort of as Peter the Wonderful and Catherine the Terrific arrive to mind. But did you know Mikhail I (1596-1645)?

In this circumstance, our tale goes back to the early 17th century, immediately after 10 many years of upheaval, the Zemsky Sobor (Russian Parliament) elected Mikhail I (entire identify Mikhail Fyodorovich) as the ‘Tsar of All Russia’. By adopting the title ‘Tsar’, the Russian equal of the phrase ‘Caesar’ – the grand prince of Muscovy was now setting up his assert to be equivalent, in may well and glory, of the Roman and Byzantine Emperors. Ahead of Mikhail I, the younger Ivan the Terrible (r. 1533-1584) was the 1st to be topped ‘Tsar of All Russia’ in 1547.

Mikhail I was the initial Romanov ruler, a dynasty that annexed big territories in Central Asia’s Kazan and Astrakhan khanates and Siberia to the East. It dominated the extensive empire for much more than 300 many years from 1613 until the close of the Romanov dynasty with the killing of the Tsar Nicholas II (r. 1894-1917) and the royal family members in 1917.

Item Introduction

According to Hong Kong Heritage Museum’s Curator, Raymond Tang, this exhibition commences with relics utilised in the coronation of the Tsars, a fitting screen of how politics and faith have been intertwined all through the period of the Tsars of All Russia.

Equestrian Portrait of Tsar Aleksei Mikhailovich 

Not known artist

Oil on canvas

42 x 32 cm

Assortment of Moscow Kremlin Museums

A person exhibit that embodies the amalgamation of spiritual and political electrical power is the Equestrian Portrait of Tsar Aleksei Mikhailovich. The portrait depicts Tsar Aleksei (r. 1645-1676), Mikhail I’s heir to the Russian throne. The tsar is dressed in Russian nationwide costume, a crimson kaftan (men’s long fit) with insignia patches on the chest and a white fur-lined coat with a slitted sleeve. On his head is a significant cap with a band of sable.

The deficiency of real looking proportions and correlations among quantity and space have been usual of this interval, when Russian painters only started off to assimilate the practical experience of their Western counterparts. By this time, European artists experienced previously made a established of representational formulae for official royal portraiture. The most imposing and visually hanging was the equestrian portrait, presenting the ruler in the picture of a victorious armed forces commander.

The monarch’s individual courage and wonderful army management were key concepts in the point out ideology upholding the supreme energy of all nations at the time. Hence, the overriding concept of the portrait is the army heroism and services of Tsar Aleksei to the state. Royal electricity is glorified in this operate with the assist of this kind of add-ons as the sword in the golden scabbard lying throughout the tsar’s hip and the five-pointed cross (such as the excess point at the best of the object) held up to the viewer (a image of the Russian Orthodox state). The existence of several equestrian portraits of a similar model and composition signifies the recognition of such photographs of the tsar at the Russian courtroom in the second fifty percent of the 17th century.

Pectoral Cross of Tsar Peter the Excellent 

Russia, Moscow, Kremlin Workshops, 1682-1689

Gold, diamonds, emeralds

15.6 cm (Top) 10.7 cm (Width)

Selection of Moscow Kremlin Museums

A different vital exhibit that represents the monarchical energy is the Pectoral Cross of Tsar Peter the Terrific. It was worn by Peter the Great, (also known as Peter I, r. 1682-1725), on leading of his regalia. The cross was in all probability created around 1682, when he and Ivan V (Peter the Great’s elder brother, r. 1682-1696) jointly ascended the throne.

The more compact cross is decorated in approaches normal of West European jewellers doing work in the 2nd 50 % of the 16th and 17th generations. The chopping of the emerald, even so, was obviously performed by a Russian craftsman, directly just before it was placed on the pectoral cross of Peter the Good. The evidence for this is the Cyrillic inscriptions and the kind of the legs of Jesus Christ, who has been crucified with two nails, attribute for Orthodox tradition.

Pair of Pistols with Flintlocks 

Barrel and lock-maker: Philipp Timofeyev

Russia, Moscow, Kremlin Workshops, The Armoury Chamber, 1680s

Iron, steel, silver, ivory

68 cm (Duration) 13 mm (Calibre)

Collection of Moscow Kremlin Museums  

Russia’s developing global worth and unique geopolitical location meant that she was more and more drawn into political and financial relations in both of those jap and western spheres of influence. The 2nd half of the 16th century noticed the institution of new diplomatic and trade links with the English, Dutch and Persians.

A person of the principal commodities in these trade back links was the pistol. Pistols were being first used as weapons by European cavalry in the 16th century. They had been generally produced in pairs and held in holsters to equally sides of the saddle. Russian commenced creating her individual pistols in Moscow in the 1620s. The court gunsmiths often utilised the higher working experience of their European colleagues. This ceremonial pair of pistols was produced in the 1680s by Philipp Timofeyev, a grasp craftsman of the Armoury who arrived to Russia from the territory of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

The barrels and locks have been blued and damascened in gold. The barrels are decorated with foliate ornament, which includes big flower buds, while the locks are adorned with symbols, particularly a double-headed eagle, sceptre, orb and of dragons. The flintlock has the most state-of-the-art development for that time, which was borrowed from French gunsmiths. A human determine and lion are depicted on the firing set off. The gunstocks (major human body) is skilfully carved from ivory and had been likely at first made in the Netherlands, which knowledgeable a great flourishing of ivory carving in the 1660s. It is unknown as to how exactly the gunstocks ended up in Moscow, but they have been possibly brought by just one of the quite a few Dutch merchants who traded actively with Russia in the 17th century. The gunstocks’ silver facts are most likely the operate of Russian courtroom jewellers.

In terms of their value, these pistols occupied third put in the listing of weapons in Russia’s Royal Armoury. The combined benefit of the pistols and their holsters was approximated to be 110 roubles, an tremendous sum of revenue at the time.

Mongolian Helmet 

Manchuria, 1616-1630s

Iron, stones

21 cm (Diameter)  

Collection of Moscow Kremlin Museums

This ceremonial Manchu helmet is connected to the history of diplomatic relations concerning Russia and the Khotogoid khanate, a kingdom which occupied the existing-working day territory of north-west Mongolia and a big aspect of southern Siberia in the early 17th century. In 1637, this helmet was sent as a reward to Tsar Mikhail Fyodorovich from Erdeni Dai Mergen Nangso, a Buddhist lama of Tibetan origin who was the spiritual instructor of the Altan Khan, the ruler of the Khotogoid folks.

The entire body of the helmet is composed of two sections, which have been joined collectively at the brow and the again of the neck. Two gilded openwork crests have been connected as overlays. The decorative openwork details incorporate carved visuals of dragons, ornamental foliage, and sockets for treasured stones. Sanskrit inscriptions reproducing the texts of well-known Buddhist mantras have been damascened in gold and organized in three rows on the crown of the helmet.


Exhibition Aspects:

“Tsar Of All Russia: Holiness and Splendour of Power”

Venue: Thematic Galleries 1, 2 and Function Put, Hong Kong Heritage Museum

Dates: Now until 29 August 2021

Time: 10am-6pm, Monday, Wednesday to Friday. 10am-7pm, Saturday, Sunday and general public holidays. Closed on Tuesday (apart from public vacations)

Website: https://bit.ly/3jolC7Q